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Modals intro and songs
Modals Made by Melanie Witt Adapted by Jessica Montgomerie Bob Dylan Blowin’ in the Wind A protest song - Peace, war, freedom Listen to song and fill in the blanks Bob Dylan Blowin' In The Wind How many roads _____________ a man walk down Before you call him a man? How many seas must a...Yes, 'n' how many years can a mountain exist Before it's washed to the sea? Yes, 'n' how many years ___________ some peopl...Yes, 'n' how many __________must a man look up Before he can see the sky? Yes, 'n' how many ears ____________ one man have...What is the function of each modal? How could it be said a different way? How can we answer the questions? How many roads must a man walk down? Necessity - Must - Have to - Have got to How many years can a mountain exist? Ability...All Modals S + modal + base form of verb He might study tonight. Modals of Possibility • Use to express possibility about the present or future • May & Might have almost the same meaning ...May, Might, Could 100% certain may might could couldn’t might not may not 0% certain Should, Ought To, Had Better • Used to give advice You should do your homework before class. You ought to check your tire ...Necessity; It’s a Rule Must, Have to, Have got to 100% certain Must Have to, Have got to Don’t have to Must not 0% certain Negative Modals Must not – It is prohibited You must not disobey the law. You must not talk in court. Don’t have to – It i...Modals Affirmative – S + Modal + Verb We should take a vacation. Negative – S + Modal + Not + Verb You can’t do that! Yes/...Modals Short Answer – Yes/No + S + Modal Yes, they can. No, they can’t. Information Question – WHQ + Modal + S + Verb What...What is socially accepted in your country? - In your country, can citizens make jokes about the president? 1. Ask your partner questions about his/her country 2. Make statements based on your partner’s answers Make sure you use –...Homework 1. Write an affirmative, negative, and question for the following modal functions: Possibility – 3 Necessity – 3 ...Modest Mouse What is a fable or tall tale? Do you have any in your country? What are they? Dashboard Well, it _________________ been, could've been Worse than you would ever know Oh, the dashboard melted But we st...Oh, it could've __________, should've been Worse than you would ever know Well, the windshield was broken But I love the f...Now here we go! Oh, it would've been, could've been ___________ than it had even gone Well, the car was on blocks But I wa...Well, we scheme and we scheme but we always blow it We've yet to crash, but we still might as well tow it Standing at a li...Yeah, it would've been, could've been Worse than you would ever know Oh, the dashboard melted, but we still have the radio...Oh, we could've been, should've been Worse than you would ever know (The dashboard melted but we still have the radio) Wel...Well, we scheme and we scheme but we always blow it We've yet to crash, but we still might as well tow it Standing at a li...Modals in the Past I should have gone to bed earlier last night because I am tired. S + Modal + Have + Past Participle I +...Past Probability Must have + Past Participle – To make statements that are deductions or logical conclusions The fisherman...Past Possibility May, Might, Could The fisherman may have caught the fish. The fisherman might have been crazy. He could h...May, Might, Could 100% certain may might could couldn’t might not may not 0% certain Homework 1. Write 6 sentences about a decision you made in the past. Use past possibility (3 sentences ) and past probabil...With a partner… • Look at the photos. • What are your impressions of their marriages and lives? • Use possibility modals i...Homework Write about a mistake that you made. Tell me about what you should have done to avoid the problem. About 10 sente...Modals intro and songsModals intro and songsModals intro and songsModals intro and songs

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  1. 1. Modals Made by Melanie Witt Adapted by Jessica Montgomerie
  2. 2. Bob Dylan Blowin’ in the Wind A protest song - Peace, war, freedom Listen to song and fill in the blanks
  3. 3. Bob Dylan Blowin' In The Wind How many roads _____________ a man walk down Before you call him a man? How many seas must a __________ dove sail Before she sleeps in the sand? Yes, 'n' how many times ______________ the cannon balls fly Before they're forever banned? The answer, my ___________, is blowin' in the wind, The answer is blowin' in the wind.
  4. 4. Yes, 'n' how many years can a mountain exist Before it's washed to the sea? Yes, 'n' how many years ___________ some people exist Before they're allowed to be free? Yes, 'n' how ____________ times can a man turn his head, And pretend that he just doesn't __________? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind, The answer is blowin' in the wind.
  5. 5. Yes, 'n' how many __________must a man look up Before he can see the sky? Yes, 'n' how many ears ____________ one man have Before he can hear people cry? Yes, 'n' how many __________ will it take till he knows That too many people have died? The answer, my friend, is blowin' in the wind, The answer is blowin' in the wind.
  6. 6. What is the function of each modal? How could it be said a different way? How can we answer the questions?
  7. 7. How many roads must a man walk down? Necessity - Must - Have to - Have got to How many years can a mountain exist? Ability - Can - Could
  8. 8. All Modals S + modal + base form of verb He might study tonight.
  9. 9. Modals of Possibility • Use to express possibility about the present or future • May & Might have almost the same meaning We may go to the movies. We might go to the movies. We could go to the movies.
  10. 10. May, Might, Could 100% certain may might could couldn’t might not may not 0% certain
  11. 11. Should, Ought To, Had Better • Used to give advice You should do your homework before class. You ought to check your tire pressure. You had better call me when you get home.
  12. 12. Necessity; It’s a Rule Must, Have to, Have got to 100% certain Must Have to, Have got to Don’t have to Must not 0% certain
  13. 13. Negative Modals Must not – It is prohibited You must not disobey the law. You must not talk in court. Don’t have to – It is not necessary. You have a choice. I don’t have to do homework tonight, yay! You don’t have to cook dinner. We are going out.
  14. 14. Modals Affirmative – S + Modal + Verb We should take a vacation. Negative – S + Modal + Not + Verb You can’t do that! Yes/No Question –Modal + S + Verb Can they ski?
  15. 15. Modals Short Answer – Yes/No + S + Modal Yes, they can. No, they can’t. Information Question – WHQ + Modal + S + Verb What should I do? When must you arrive? Subject Question – Who + Modal + Verb Who has to attend? Who might attend?
  16. 16. What is socially accepted in your country? - In your country, can citizens make jokes about the president?
  17. 17. 1. Ask your partner questions about his/her country 2. Make statements based on your partner’s answers Make sure you use – Must must not – May may not – Could could not – Can cannot
  18. 18. Homework 1. Write an affirmative, negative, and question for the following modal functions: Possibility – 3 Necessity – 3 Advice – 3 Permission – 3
  19. 19. Modest Mouse What is a fable or tall tale? Do you have any in your country? What are they?
  20. 20. Dashboard Well, it _________________ been, could've been Worse than you would ever know Oh, the dashboard melted But we still have the radio Oh, it _________________ been, could've been Worse than you would ever know Well, you told me about nowhere Well, it sounds like someplace I'd like to go
  21. 21. Oh, it could've __________, should've been Worse than you would ever know Well, the windshield was broken But I love the fresh air, y'know (The dashboard melted but we still have the radio) Oh, it would've been, could've ______________ Worse than you would ever know (The dashboard melted but we still have the radio) Oh, we talked about nothing Which was more than I wanted you to know
  22. 22. Now here we go! Oh, it would've been, could've been ___________ than it had even gone Well, the car was on blocks But I was already where I want (It was impossible, we ran it good, we ran it good) Why should we ever even Ever really even get to know (It was impossible, we ran it good, we ran it good) Oh if the world don't like us It'll shake us just like we were a cold Now here we go!
  23. 23. Well, we scheme and we scheme but we always blow it We've yet to crash, but we still might as well tow it Standing at a light switch to each east and west horizon Every dawn you're surprising And the evening was consoling Saying, "See, it wasn't quite as bad as" Well, it would've been, could've been Worse than you would ever know I was patiently erasing and recording the wrong episodes After you had proved my point wrong It wasn't like I'd let it go I just wanted to catch the last laugh of this show
  24. 24. Yeah, it would've been, could've been Worse than you would ever know Oh, the dashboard melted, but we still have the radio (The dashboard melted, but we ran it good, we ran it good) Hard-wired to conceive, so much we'd have to stow it Even needs have needs, tiny giants made of tinier giants Don't wear eyelids so I don't miss the last laugh of this show (The dashboard melted but we still have the radio)
  25. 25. Oh, we could've been, should've been Worse than you would ever know (The dashboard melted but we still have the radio) Well, you told me about nowhere Well, it sounds like someplace I'd like to go Now here we go!
  26. 26. Well, we scheme and we scheme but we always blow it We've yet to crash, but we still might as well tow it Standing at a light switch to each east and west horizon Every dawn you're surprising And the evening was consoling Saying, "See, it wasn't quite as bad as" Oh it would've been, could've been Worse than you would ever know
  27. 27. Modals in the Past I should have gone to bed earlier last night because I am tired. S + Modal + Have + Past Participle I + should + have + gone
  28. 28. Past Probability Must have + Past Participle – To make statements that are deductions or logical conclusions The fisherman must have caught the fish.
  29. 29. Past Possibility May, Might, Could The fisherman may have caught the fish. The fisherman might have been crazy. He could have been from another planet.
  30. 30. May, Might, Could 100% certain may might could couldn’t might not may not 0% certain
  31. 31. Homework 1. Write 6 sentences about a decision you made in the past. Use past possibility (3 sentences ) and past probability (3 sentences ) . For example: In 2004, I moved from Hawaii to Colorado with my fiancé. I must have been crazy or in love to leave such a beautiful island.
  32. 32. With a partner… • Look at the photos. • What are your impressions of their marriages and lives? • Use possibility modals in the past to describe their life together. Example: They might have met in 1948.
  33. 33. Homework Write about a mistake that you made. Tell me about what you should have done to avoid the problem. About 10 sentences.
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